Ruthless Success


Psychology - Making Decisions with Intuition

  • Blink: The Power of Thinking Without Thinking by Malcolm Gladwell
    An easy read that brings to life lots of research showing that instant decisions made by your unconscious are often remarkably more accurate than slow, detailed analysis. Understanding this phenomenon can be life-changing, once you learn to leverage this kind of mental power.
  • Strangers to Ourselves: Understanding the Adaptive Unconscious by Timothy Wilson
    "Know yourself" is a lot easier said than done. This book explains why that is. It shows that our assumption that we have special access to knowing things about ourselves that others can't know is often wrong. It's eye-opening to realize how hard it is to know how we will feel, how will act, and how important (though flawed) our self-stories are.
  • Gut Feelings: The Intelligence of the Unconscious by Gerg Gigerenzer
    Similar to and extends the ideas covered in Blink. Reveals some of the tricks intuition uses to get extremely quick answers to complex problems. Provides lots of data an examples from health care diagnoses, prisoners' bail hearings, stock market investments, and other fields showing that the very simple rules intuition uses are more accurate than complex theories in those fields.
  • Consciousness: An Introduction by Susan Blackmore
    A 400+ page text book that surveys the confusing field of study surrounding consciousness. Blackmore warns that you will end up more confused when you start because you will realize how little you really know about the subject and realize that many of your assumptions about consciousness are probably wrong...yet the experts all disagree on what is right. She also warns that knowing this much about your own consciousness is disturbing. I can tell you that she's right.
  • The Power of Intuition How to Use Your Gut Feelings to Make Better Decisions at Work by Gary Klein
    Exposes the weakness of classical decision theory by showing that experts in every field studied rely on intuition, not complete logical analysis, to make high quality decisions. Intuition takes more data and relationships into account and is more effective than pure analysis at solving highly complex problems.

Psychology - Happiness

  • Geography of Bliss by Eric Weiner
    The author visits all the happiest places on Earth (they aren't where you think!) and tries to understand the essence of each country and what makes its people so happy. Before this, he was a foreign correspondent journalist who covered all the least happy places in the world. This writing quality of this book is AMAZING and I highly recommend it for humor/writing alone, not to mention the great content.
  • Happiness: The Science Behind Your Smile by Daniel Nettle
    Great science about the evolutionary basis of happiness and the biology behind happiness. Liking and wanting are controlled by separate brain circuits and while that's good for evolution, it's explains a lot of life's heart-aches. Also explains the biological reasons why a positive attitude leads to good health and success.
  • Stumbling On Happiness by Daniel Gilbert
    Explains that we are bad at remembering the past as it really happened, therefore we are bad at simulating the future, therefore we are very bad at predicting what will actually make us happy. Good information, but painfully sophomoric and longwinded writing.

Psychology - Mastery

  • Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience by Mihály Csíkszentmihályi
    Seminal work on the subject of flow, the special state of mind that we experience when we are most productive and when we are pushing the limits of our abilities. Setting up your life to achieve flow more often is the key way to achieve mastery in something and, possibly unexpectedly, has to do with how happy you are in life. Should have been required reading in high school to get everyone on the right path.
  • Art of Learning: An Inner Journey to Optimal Performance by Josh Waitzkin
    Waitzkin is a US Chess champion who was the subject of the film Searching For Bobby Fischer. He retired from Chess and took up Tai Chi Chuan, winning several international tournaments in that sport. Wonderful tips about his mindset for accomplishing this amazing feat, but suffers in quality of writing (sorry Josh, I'm still a fan).
  • Extraordinary Minds by Howard Gardner
    The study of genius. Compares four types of extraordinary people with an in-depth example of each. The Master (Mozart), The Maker (Freud), The Introspector (Woolf), and The Influencer (Gandhi).

Psychology - Other

  • Personality Type: An Owner's Manual by Lenore Thomson
    People have different methods for taking in and processing information. These biological differences lead to different personality types. Your personal life, business life, and your art will benefit from understanding these differences in people.
  • Emotional Intelligence by Daniel Goleman
    Like it or not, decision-making is greatly influenced by emotion. IQ seems like it should correlate with career success, but emotional intelligence is actually a better predictor. Positive attitude and emotional intelligence are what separate good competitors from excellent ones. Almost everything we do is affected by our emotional intelligence.
  • Getting Things Done by David Allen
    The author doesn't know that this is a psychology book, but it speaks to the wisdom of leveraging your unconscious mind's power by getting all that cluttered daily detail out of its way. Very practical tips for being more productive. Focuses on moment-to-moment behavior that will help, rather than theory or high concept.
  • The Strategy of Conflict by Thomas Schelling
    Negotiation power comes from factors you might not expect. This book has application to game theory, but also takes human psychology into account. Has a slant toward explaining negotiations over nuclear warfare and terrorism.

Designing Things

  • Notes on the Synthesis of Form by Christopher Alexander
    Required reading for anyone who wants to design anything. Should be called "The Synthesis of Form, Dammit."
  • The Timeless Way of Building by Christopher Alexander
    Less technical and more poetic than 'Notes' (above). Alexander tries to describe The Quality Without a Name that makes a design living rather than dead.
  • A Pattern Language: Towns, Buildings, Construction by Christopher Alexander
    This is a compilation of the patterns for building houses and cities discussed in the other books.
  • The Oregon Experiment by Christopher Alexander
    Alexander applies the concepts in the previous books to rebuild the Oregon University Campus. Postscript: the undertaking is considered a failure, but not because of Alexander's methods.

How Complex Systems Are Created

  • The Selfish Gene by Richard Dawkins
    Our genes don't serve us; we serve them. Understanding the enormous power of genes is applicable to procedural content in games, not to mention how cool it is to have some of life's mysteries explained.
  • The Blind Watchmaker: Why the Evidence of Evolution Reveals a Universe Without Design by Richard Dawkins
    Understanding how complex systems developed on Earth without a designer is highly applicable to creating new complex systems in games, especially simulations and MMOs.
  • The God Delusion by Richard Dawkins
    Possibly the most important book in the world. Not a joke. It will be overlooked.
  • The Meme Machine by Susan Blackmore
    The seminal work on memes. Understanding memes is vital if you want something to be popular.
  • Powers of Ten by Charles and Ray Eames
    Will Wright's inspiration for the game Spore.

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